RhyPiBoMo 2015 Day 8 J. Patrick Lewis

Welcome to

RhyPiBoMo 2015 Day 8

J. Patrick Lewis

RhyPiBoMo 2015 Guest Blogger Badge J Patrick Lewis


How do I introduce today’s guest blogger without using the words GENIUS and BRILLIANT and EXTREMELY TALENTED? I don’t! So I am honored and pleased beyond measure to introduce today’s guest blogger as a poet and author who’s writing is GENIUS, his word choices are BRILLIANT and he is EXTREMELY TALENTED!

I am so happy to welcome

J. Patrick Lewis!


RhyPiBoMo 2015 Bird with Feather


Thoughts on Verse Forms

A decade ago, Donald Hall argued in a famous essay that too many poets are “afflicted with a modesty of ambition.” He meant that too often they are satisfied with writing good poems but not great ones. The point, Hall said, is that poets should wake up each day telling themselves that today—and every day!—they will write great poetry. Will they fail? Almost certainly. But when was that ever the point? Failure, as so many agree,
is the only road to success.

I would suggest that Hall’s claim is equally true for children’s poets,
but in a somewhat different way. Today, many children’s poets and most poetasters gravitate to one of two verse forms: common measure
(a quatrain alternating tetrameter and trimeter lines, rhyming abcb).

Or its cousin, the ballad stanza, used prominently in narrative verse. The rhyme schemes can vary of course: aabb, abba, or abab (the hymnal stanza).

Such forms have a long and storied career, and we would be sorely bereft without them. “Barbara Allen,” “John Henry,” Poe’s “Annabel Lee,” to name but a few, are rightly part of the ballad canon. Emily Dickinson wrote many of her gorgeous lyrics in variations of common measure, all the while aspiring—and succeeding—to write in fields of other grasshoppers.

If you aim to be a strictly comic poet, common measure may serve you well. I’m not suggesting that children’s poets forego common measure altogether. I use it all the time. But why be shackled to one verse form that too often leads to puerile, uninspired, instantly forgettable rhyming?

It is also the least demanding verse form available to the poet.

Elsewhere, I have tried to suggest to teachers that they reject one verse form unworthy of the name. The diamante, a favorite in the classroom, encourages students to accumulate adjectives. As Voltaire said, “The adjective is the enemy of the noun.” Mark Twain put it more succinctly, “If you catch an adjective, kill it.” That goes too far, I think, but adjectives are fat; verbs are muscles. Finding the right verbs—strong, active, personified verbs—requires the mind of a detective and the eye of a jeweler. Hence, time and persistence are the handmaidens of writing good poetry. You can write a diamante in a minute and a half, which tells you all you need to know about its quality. And ticking off lists of adjectives is merely fool’s play.

The acrostic, another beloved classroom staple, can be a useful and marginally interesting form, unless it involves nothing more than a list of single word adjectives following the vertical acrostic word (usually the student’s name). Assigning such work to young writers is an empty exercise. Poets are challenged all the time. Why shouldn’t students—practicing poets—be challenged with more demanding forms?

I would be remiss if I did not mention the captivating French villanelle. But be warned: Writing one is no picnic. That’s exactly why I challenge poets to try it. Elizabeth Bishop’s “One Art,” among the language’s most accomplished villanelles, took her 15 years to finish. Rounding out my choices for the best three examples in the English language are Dylan Thomas’s “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night,” and Theodore Roethke’s “The Waking.”

Of fascinating verse forms there is no end, and each one deserves at least a paragraph of its own. Countries all over the world have invented forms that are extremely rich, and not because they are complex but because they are ingenious, interesting, and fun. Yes, they demand more sweat and tears from the poet, but the payoff for readers is palpable. For those unfamiliar with Robin Skelton’s The Shape of Our Singing: A Comprehensive Guide to Verse Forms and Metres from Around the World, Spokane: Eastern

Washington University Press, 2002, I can’t recommend a more reliable vade mecum. Have you ever tried writing a deibide baise fri toin (Irish), ionic a minore (ancient Greek and Latin), rhupunt or englyn (Welsh), or any of hundreds of other forms from the 43 countries Skelton surveys? If not, let him show you around, and if young writers tell you they want to become poets, put The Shape of Our Singing in their backpacks. Another treasure available in paperback and not to be missed is Lewis Putnam Turco’s The Book of Forms: A Handbook of Poetics, University Press of New England, revised and expanded edition, 2012.

I’m happy to tip my hat to Tricia Stohr-Hunt at Miss Rumphius Effect, a delightful and instructive blog for introducing a variety of forms and subtly prodding readers to submit their own samples. No doubt there are other similarly minded websites with which I am unfamiliar. I apologize.

Individual poets who have written engagingly on the subject include Willard Espy, Avis Harley, Paul B. Janeczko, X.J. and Dorothy Kennedy, Myra Cohn Livingston, Marilyn Singer, Helen Frost, Joan Bransfield Graham, among others.


I’ve included a “Resources” guide to many verse forms in my Book of Animal Poetry, ed. by J. Patrick Lewis, National Geographic, 2012, p. 172.

So settle into a smorgasbord of verse forms. If you are using only one
or two, you are denying your palate the delicious variety laid out on the palette of poetry.



About J. Patrick Lewis:

After a wild and rugged youth as a bronco rider, lobster fisherman, opera singer, confidential police informant, Economics professor, and Russian spy—he has been to Moscow thirteen times (shhh!)—J. Patrick Lewis is now in the Federal Witness Protection Program in XXXXX, Ohio with XXXXX, his wife, and two vicious K-9 guard toy poodles. Please do not ask to see his secret tattoos.

He has continued his wanton ways in the world of children’s poetry, having published 95 picture/poetry books to date with National Geographic, Creative Editions, Knopf, Atheneum, Wordsong/Boyds Mills Press, Dial, Chronicle, Candlewick, Harcourt, Little, Brown, Scholastic, Holiday House, Sleeping Bear Press, DKInk, and others.
He was recently given the 2010-2011 NCTE Excellence in Children’s Poetry Award, and was the Poetry Foundation’s third U.S. Children’s Poet Laureate (2011-2013).

*All those books

WOW! Look at all those glorious books!

His 2015 Books:

—Bigfoot Is Missing: Poems from the Cryptozoo (w/Kenn
Nesbitt), CHRONICLE, March 2015 (MinaLima, ill.)
—The Wren and the Sparrow, KAR-BEN PUBLISHING, March
2015 (Yevgenia Nayberg, ill.)
—The Stolen Smile, CREATIVE EDITIONS (2004), reissued 2015.
—Just Joking: Animal Riddles, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC,
March 2015 (photos)
—Book of Nature Poetry (anthology, 200 poems & photos—
—Thirteen Ways of Squinting at a Poet (adult poems),


His 2016 Books:

—Kooky Crumbs: Poems of Dizzy Days, KANE MILLER, January 1,
2016 (Mary Uhles, ill.)
—Make the Earth Your Companion, CREATIVE EDITIONS, Spring
2016 (Elena And Anna Balbusso, ills.)

—The Navajo Code Talkers, CREATIVE EDITIONS, Fall 2016 (Gary
Kelley, ill.)

RhyPiBoMo 2015 tiles with bird

RhyPiBoMo 2015 Optional Writing Prompt:8

This is NOT part of the pledge. It is an option for a writing exercise for those interested. You will not publically share this as part of RhyPiBoMo but may keep a journal of your writing this month for your own review.

Today’s writing prompt is to write a Villanelle. This may be the biggest challenge of the month!

To explain this form in more detail I am including a few resources:





It’s “Friday Favorites” day again!

Today is the day that I ask you to choose one of the rhyming picture books that you read this week as part of the challenge and share it with the world. Post a picture of it on social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, etc.) and a link to the authors blog, a link to a book store or a link to anywhere people can find it and buy it. This is the day we celebrate all the wonderful rhyming picture books out in the world already! These authors are our heroes and heroines. We should celebrate the hard work it took them to get to publication! We should buy these books ourselves if we can and share them with friends and family.

Now is the time to promote great rhyme!

I was thrilled that so many of you shared your favorite rhyming picture books last Friday! Thank you! See if we can post even more today!



What if you are not on social media?

That is no problem. Just share titles with friends, family, teachers, librarians, book store owners…anyone who will listen. Word of mouth is very powerful! Go to a book store and ask for a specific title. If they don’t have it ask them to order it. You can certainly do our part without social media!

It would be great if you would also add the link to my blog so folks can see what we are doing here.

Here’s the link:





The RhyPiBoMo 2015 Barnes and Noble BookFair is tomorrow! (Saturday, April 11th)

I have been asked to give a talk at my local Barnes and Noble in Evansville, Indiana on Maya Angelou during Educator’s Week. I combined my talk to include tidbits about Maya’s life and poetry with diversity in children’s books. What a wonderful opportunity to discuss poetry and diversity all in one talk! Thus, Barnes and Noble agreed to offer a BookFair all day on April 11th and 20% of all the sales that day will go to WE NEED DIVERSE BOOKS for all who use this coupon. It is good for sales in store and on-line so PLEASE support this worthy non-profit and buy lots and lots of books! Pass out coupons to friends and family too! Let’s support poetry and diversity in children’s books!

B&N Coupon




Golden Quill Poetry Contest


The Golden Quill Poetry Contest will accept entries STARTING April 13th and the deadline is April 25th midnight Central Time.

For further details please visit the Golden Quill Poetry Contest tab above.



RhyPiBoMo Gift Shop is Open!

Cafepress notebook


Please stop by and see what’s available this year. There are notebooks, mugs, buttons and more. All proceeds will go to WE NEED DIVERSE BOOKS!

Thank you Tanja Bauerle for these gorgeous images!!!



Rhyming Critique Groups

If you are interested in joining a rhyming critique group go to the RhyPiBoMo Facebook group and add your name to the post concerning critique groups. Dawn Young will organize the groups and contact you once your group is formed and ready to go. We will need one person in each group to volunteer to be the Admin for the group so please state that you are interested in your comment on Facebook.

Thank you Dawn for organizing and running these groups!

We have several groups still going strong from last year!

We will not organize critique groups outside of Facebook this year. If you are interested in forming a critique group outside of Facebook, please comment about that in your reply to this post and add your name and email address so anyone else interested can contact you directly.


RhyPiBoMo 2015 Bird with Feather



Add both your FIRST and LAST names to your daily comment! This is what enables you to be eligible for a prize that day. Many people are forgetting!! I request this because the reply section doesn’t give me your name unless it’s a part of your email address. And even then sometimes it’s very hard for me to figure out the exact name.

How I choose daily winners…Late each Saturday night, I will go back to Monday’s comments and count how many there are. I then type that number into a randomizer program that choose a number for me. I count from the first post down to that number and that is the daily winner. If that post doesn’t have a first and last name listed it will not win. I will then go to the next post that has a first and last name listed. I will do this for each day of the week and announce the winners on the following Monday.

Please DO NOT go back now and add another comment now as I need each person to only comment one time to keep things fair. Thanks!

Good Luck and ADD YOR FIRST and LAST NAME to your comment!!!! = )



Official RhyPiBoMo 2015 Registration ended on April 8th.

If you are not officially registered you may not participate in the Golden Quill Poetry Contest, in Rhyming Critique Groups or will not be eligible for daily prizes.

To see if you are registered go to the Master Registration List on the drop down menu under the RhyPiBoMo Blog tab above.

*RhyPiBoMo 2015 Pledge

Please comment below. You MUST add your FIRST and LAST names

to be eligible for today’s prize!


70 thoughts on “RhyPiBoMo 2015 Day 8 J. Patrick Lewis

  1. Mary Warth
    Thank you so much for this wonderful exploration of verse forms. I am looking at my work I a whole new way. I also appreciate the resource links!

  2. Rita Allmon– Thanks for this informative post! Love the “glorious book” pic. I’m looking forward to the 2016 NAVAJO CODE TALKERS.

  3. Patrick,

    Thanks for all the great list of sources. I’m heading to the library to check out some of you books. Really inspiring post. Thanks Again!

  4. Manju Howard: That’s an impressive stack of books! I’m looking forward to reading the Navajo Code Talkers too. My husband interviewed the last Code Talker shortly before he passed away.

  5. Maria Marshall
    Patrick, thanks for all the resources and the challenge to open ourselves to using as many as possible.And the challenge, oh my!

  6. Jennifer McRae

    Thank you for the post. I am impressed and awed by the selection of books you have written . Going to check them out to learn and enjoy. Will also take some time to go study the resources you suggested. Watch poodles LOL

  7. This is exactly what I was thinking about this week. I tend to use the same poetic forms over and over and I really need to start experimenting with other ones. Thanks for this! It was very timely and useful for me!

  8. Lori Mozdzierz:

    “Finding the right verbs—strong, active, personified verbs—requires the mind of a detective and the eye of a jeweler.”
    Love the image this truth speaks.
    I spy a diamond in the sky!

  9. Elaine Hillson – A great post on poetic forms and something I need to pay more attention to in my own writing. I will be following up on the resources you have suggested. I remember being taught to the correct answer in poetry in school rather than being allowed to explore forms and language so now is my chance.

  10. Fantastic article and a bit overwhelming. I didn’t know how much I didn’t know, so now it’s time to start discovering. Thank you for the information and resources
    Clark Haaland

  11. I am so impressed by the number of books you have published and that are coming out! I never liked the diamante poem form either as most of the adjectives my kids wrote down for these exercises were flowery, say nothing adjectives. Thanks for the post! Danielle Hammelef

  12. I like form poetry but the villanelle is not one of my favorite forms. I’d rather write a kyrielle or a rondeau. And I would rather do anything other than write a sestina. They are the hardest form for me.

  13. Thank you for suggesting the reference books. I am intrigued by the various poetic forms around the world. Since each culture’s folk songs have a certain musical flavor (for example, Russian ones tend to be minor), it makes sense that metrical verse may mirror those unique qualities. I will investigate!

    Cindy Argentine

  14. Kathy Mazurowski
    Great, thought provoking post. I am regretting all the years that I encouraged my students to use adjectives and adverbs.

  15. Melanie Ellsworth – Thank you for permission to expand beyond the common forms – I do tend to cling to those. And thank you for the blog and book recommendations. I need to get busy reading your work as well; your book, THE HOUSE, sounds especially intriguing. I loved the line in this post – “Finding the right verbs—strong, active, personified verbs—requires the mind of a detective and the eye of a jeweler.” I will pin that quote on my office wall!

  16. Vicki Wilke
    Thank you for J. Patrick! He has always been one of my very favorite poets! This blog challenged me to try some new forms. It is encouraging to learn that Elizabeth Bishop took 15 years to complete her famous villanelle!

  17. Melinda Kinsman – thanks Patrick – plenty of “food for thought”…and what ARE those tattoos? 😊

  18. Al Lane – thanks for an interesting post, raising awareness of the different verse forms. As a writer of comic verse, I do sometimes feel that common measure can get a bit of a raw deal from style snobs… I do think it’s important for poets to challenge themselves into trying different styles, and breaking out of their comfort zone, but for me content, rather than structure, is king. I guess it’s all personal preference and taste in the end, but will definitely challenge myself to write a villanelle… after this month is over!

  19. Ann Kelley – Love the analogy – verbs are muscles and adjectives are fat! Thanks for opening my eyes to all the different poems around the world. Definitely going to research those books you recommended!

  20. Got to get to the library and start through that stack of books. There is so much info today I hardly know where else to start. Gail Cartee

  21. Thank you for the reminder about trying/mastering something new. I’ve recently acquired the Handbook of Poetic Forms with such a goal in mind. Also will bookmark Miss Rumphius Effect. Thanks for that. Lastly, Nice to meet you. I look forward to reading your works. Marianne Gage

  22. Thanks to all for your thoughtful and appreciative comments. And thanks to Angie for the kind invitation to her delightful blog picnic.
    All best wishes, Pat
    J. Patrick Lewis

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